The Department of Population and Health was created in the 2007/2008 academic year out of the former Population and Family Life Education programme of the Department of Geography and Tourism Started in 1996 with support from United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Ghana Education Service (GES), to train personnel in issues of population and development, the programme (Population and Family Life Education) was reviewed in 2006 as part of the restructuring of the Faculty of Social Sciences. The review led to the emergence of a new department devoted to population science and the social dimensions of health in the Faculty of Social Sciences.

The Department offers courses and undertakes research on aspects of population and health such as the social dimensions of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, traffic-related morbidity and mortality, adolescent sexual and reproductive health, migration, refugee studies and poverty. The Department is involved in outreach programmes in population-related areas in national development.